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Parizot Isabelle

Chargée de recherche, CNRS
Membre de l’équipe ERIS du CMH
Autre affiliation : Inserm - UMRS 707 - Equipe de recherche sur les déterminants sociaux de la santé et du recours aux soins
Discipline : Sociologie

Adresse professionnelle :
Bâtiment : C. Étage : 1.
48 boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
01 43 13 62 89

AXES DE RECHERCHE

  • Rapport au système de santé ;
  • Inégalités sociales et territoriales dans le domaine de la santé et du recours aux soins ;
  • Liens sociaux

PUBLICATIONS

2016

Article de revue


  • Montagni Ilaria, Parizot Isabelle, Horgan Aine, Gonzalez-Caballero Juan-Luis, Almenara-Barrios José, Lagares-Franco Carolina, Peralta-Sáez Juan-Luis, Chauvin Pierre et Amaddeo Francesco (2016) « Spanish students’ use of the Internet for mental health information and support seeking », Health Informatics Journal, 22 (2) (juin 01), p. 333-354.
    Résumé : The Internet is a growing source of information for health in general, with university student being online almost daily. Evaluating their use of the Internet for mental health information and support can help understanding if online tools and websites should be used for mental health promotion and, to some extent, care. A survey was conducted with more than 600 students of Law, Nursing and Computer Science of the University of Cadiz in Spain to determine their general use of the Internet and their perceptions and trust in using this medium for mental health information. Data were collected using a 25-item-questionnaire and findings indicated that students had a strong distrust in online mental health information, notwithstanding their daily use of the Internet. The frequency and methods of their research on the Internet correlated with their health status, their medical consultations and with certain socio-demographic characteristics.
    Mots-clés : Internet, mental health, online information, Spain, university students.

2015

Article de revue

  • Barbot Janine, Winance Myriam et Parizot Isabelle (2015) « Imputer, reprocher, demander réparation. Une sociologie de la plainte en matière médicale », Sciences sociales et santé, Vol. 33 (2) (juin 12), p. 77-105.

  • Parizot Isabelle (2015) « La précarité des personnes sans domicile affecte leur santé dans toutes ses dimensions », Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire, 36-37, p. 656-657.


  • Riou Julien, Lefèvre Thomas, Parizot Isabelle, Lhuissier Anne et Chauvin Pierre (2015) « Is There Still a French Eating Model? A Taxonomy of Eating Behaviors in Adults Living in the Paris Metropolitan Area in 2010 », PLOS ONE, 10 (3), p. e0119161.
    Résumé : Background Meal times in France still represent an important moment in everyday life. The model of three rigorously synchronized meals is still followed by a majority of people, while meal frequencies have flattened in other European or North-American countries. We aimed to examine the “French model” of eating behavior by identifying and characterizing distinct meal patterns. Methods Analyses were based on data from the SIRS cohort, a representative survey of the adult population in the Paris area. A clustering algorithm was applied to meal variables (number, time, location, with whom the meal is usually shared and activities associated with meals). Regression models were used to investigate associations between patterns and socio-demographic, social environment and perceived food quality variables. Results Five different patterns were identified among 2994 participants. The first three types (prevalence 33%, 17% and 24%) followed a three-meal pattern, with differences in locations and social interactions mainly related to time constraints and age. More marked differences were observed in the remaining two types. In the fourth type (prevalence 13%), individuals ate one or two meals per day, often with an irregular schedule, at home and in front of the television. They frequently were unemployed and had lower income. Breakfast skipping, increased snacking and a low adherence to dietary guidelines suggested that this behavior might have health consequences. In the fifth type (12%), people also ate two meals or less per day, possibly with the same consequences on food quality. However, meals were often taken outside the home, in social settings, and individuals following this pattern were typically active, integrated, young people, suggesting that this pattern might be an adaptation to a modern urban lifestyle. Conclusions While a majority of the population still follows the three-meal pattern, our analysis distinguished two other eating patterns associated with specific sociological profiles.
    Mots-clés : Adults, Algorithms, Census, Children, Eating, Eating habits, French people, Human families.


  • Rondet Claire, Parizot Isabelle, Cadwallader Jean S., Lebas Jacques et Chauvin Pierre (2015) « Why underserved patients do not consult their general practitioner for depression: results of a qualitative and a quantitative survey at a free outpatient clinic in Paris, France », BMC Family Practice, 16 (1) (mai 08), p. 57.
    Résumé : The prevalence of depression in the general population is 5 to 10% but can exceed 50% in the most socially vulnerable populations. The perceptions of this disease are widely described in the literature, but no research has been carried out in France to explain the reasons for not consulting a general practitioner during a depressive episode, particularly in people in the most precarious situations. The objective of this study was to describe the reasons for not seeking primary care during a depressive episode in a socially vulnerable population.

2014

Chapitre de livre
Article de revue
  • Barbot Janine, Parizot Isabelle et Winance Myriam (2014) « "No-fault" compensation for victims of medical injuries. Ten years of implementing the French model », Health Policy, 114 (2), p. 236-245.
    Résumé : ### Context For decades and in many countries, the issue of compensation for victims of medical injuries has led to lively debates. In 2002, a law set up a new model for compensation in France - based on the creation of a "no fault" compensation scheme and of an out-of-court settlement mechanism. This is one of the most recent models to have been adopted in European countries. This article analyses the choices made by the law and discusses the key figures of its ten years of implementation. ### Methods We conducted (1) a study of debates regarding compensation for victims of medical injuries in France; (2) a comparative analysis of the different models of compensation which had already been adopted in different countries; (3) a study of primary sources provided by the bodies in charge of the French new out-of-court settlement mechanism; and (4) a statistical analysis of the exhaustive list of 18,258 claims filed between 2003 and 2009. ### Results The article highlights the context which led to the adoption of the 2002 law on the quality of care and patients' rights. It analyses, from a comparative standpoint, the specificities of the new compensation model set up by the law. It shows how the opportunities for victims of medical injuries to be compensated had improved in France. Finally, we discuss the limits of the new model and what the next step might be to improve access to compensation for victims of medical injuries. ER - End of Reference

  • Beck François, Richard Jean-Baptiste, Nguyen-Thanh Viet, Montagni Ilaria, Parizot Isabelle et Renahy Emilie (2014) « The use of the internet as a health information resource among french young adults : results from a nationally representative survey », Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 (5).
    Résumé : Background: The Internet is one of the main resources of health information especially for young adults, but website content is not always trustworthy or validated. Little is known about this specific population and the importance of online health searches for use and impact. It is fundamental to assess behaviors and attitudes of young people looking for online health-related information and their level of trust in such information. Objective: The objective is to describe the characteristics of Internet users aged 15-30 years who use the Web as a health information resource and their trust in it, and to define the context and the effect of such use on French young adults' behavior in relation to their medical consultations. Methods: We used the French Health Barometer 2010, a nationally representative survey of 27,653 individuals that investigates population health behaviors and concerns. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed using a subsample of 1052 young adults aged 15-30 years to estimate associations between demographics, socioeconomic, and health status and (1) the use of the Internet to search for health information, and (2) its impact on health behaviors and the physician-patient relationship. Results: In 2010, 48.5% (474/977) of Web users aged 15-30 years used the Internet for health purposes. Those who did not use the Internet for health purposes reported being informed enough by other sources (75.0%, 377/503), stated they preferred seeing a doctor (74.1%, 373/503) or did not trust the information on the Internet (67.2%, 338/503). However, approximately 80% (371/474) of young online health seekers considered the information found online reliable. Women (P<.001) and people with higher sociocultural positions (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9 and OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7 for employees and manual workers, respectively, vs individuals with executive or manager positions) were more likely to use the Internet for health purposes. For a subsample of women only, online health seeking was more likely among those having a child (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.7) and experiencing psychological distress (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.0-4.0). Finally, for online health seekers aged 15-30 years, one-third (33.3%, 157/474) reported they changed their health behaviors (eg, frequency of medical consultations, way of taking care of one's own health) because of their online searches. Different factors were associated with different outcomes of change, but psychological distress, poor quality of life, and low income were the most common. Conclusions: The Internet is a useful tool to spread health information and prevention campaigns, especially to target young adults. Young adults trust online information and consider the Internet as a valid source of health advice. Health agencies should ensure the improvement of online health information quality and the creation of health-related websites and programs dedicated to young adults. ER - End of Reference

  • Beck François, Richard Jean-Baptiste, Nguyen-Thanh Viet, Parizot Isabelle, Montagni Ilaria et Renahy Emilie (2014) « Le recours à l'Internet-santé parmi les 15-30 ans », La santé en action, 428, p. 4-5.


  • Lefèvre Thomas, Rondet Claire, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2014) « Applying Multivariate Clustering Techniques to Health Data: The 4 Types of Healthcare Utilization in the Paris Metropolitan Area », PLOS ONE, 9 (12), p. e115064.
    Résumé : Background Cost containment policies and the need to satisfy patients’ health needs and care expectations provide major challenges to healthcare systems. Identification of homogeneous groups in terms of healthcare utilisation could lead to a better understanding of how to adjust healthcare provision to society and patient needs. Methods This study used data from the third wave of the SIRS cohort study, a representative, population-based, socio-epidemiological study set up in 2005 in the Paris metropolitan area, France. The data were analysed using a cross-sectional design. In 2010, 3000 individuals were interviewed in their homes. Non-conventional multivariate clustering techniques were used to determine homogeneous user groups in data. Multinomial models assessed a wide range of potential associations between user characteristics and their pattern of healthcare utilisation. Results We identified four distinct patterns of healthcare use. Patterns of consumption and the socio-demographic characteristics of users differed qualitatively and quantitatively between these four profiles. Extensive and intensive use by older, wealthier and unhealthier people contrasted with narrow and parsimonious use by younger, socially deprived people and immigrants. Rare, intermittent use by young healthy men contrasted with regular targeted use by healthy and wealthy women. Conclusion The use of an original technique of massive multivariate analysis allowed us to characterise different types of healthcare users, both in terms of resource utilisation and socio-demographic variables. This method would merit replication in different populations and healthcare systems.
    Mots-clés : Critical care and emergency medicine, Educational attainment, France, French people, Health care policy, Health insurance, Primary care, Socioeconomic aspects of health.

  • Lhuissier Anne, Parizot Isabelle, Tichit Christine, Caillavet France, Cardon Philippe, Masullo Anna, Martin Judith et Chauvin Pierre (2014) « Deux ou trois repas par jour ? Des rythmes alimentaires sexués en région parisienne », INRA Sciences sociales, 1, p. 4.
    Résumé : En France, prendre trois repas par jour constitue une caractéristique culturelle importante qui s’est développée au 19ème siècle sur le modèle bourgeois. Nous avons cherché à tester si ce modèle prévaut toujours et à analyser dans quelle mesure la structure familiale, le sexe, le revenu et la migration sont associés à la fréquence des repas. Cette recherche s’appuie sur l’analyse transversale des données recueillies en 2010 auprès de la cohorte SIRS (Santé, inégalités, ruptures sociales) sur un échantillon représentatif de 3006 adultes habitant l’agglomération parisienne. Les résultats ont confirmé que le modèle des trois repas reste fortement ancré dans les habitudes alimentaires parisiennes. Cependant, l’étude fait ressortir qu’un habitant sur quatre déclare ne faire que deux repas par jour. Elle met en évidence une différence entre hommes et femmes. Les femmes sont plus susceptibles que les hommes de faire trois repas quotidiens, ces derniers étant plus nombreux à prendre deux repas par jour. Pour les femmes, faire deux repas serait le signe d’une vulnérabilité économique et sociale.


  • Montagni Ilaria, Parizot Isabelle, Horgan Aine, Gonzalez-Caballero Juan-Luis, Almenara-Barrios José, Lagares-Franco Carolina, Peralta-Sáez Juan-Luis, Chauvin Pierre et Amaddeo Francesco (2014) « Spanish students’ use of the Internet for mental health information and support seeking », Health Informatics Journal, p. 1460458214556908.
    Résumé : The Internet is a growing source of information for health in general, with university student being online almost daily. Evaluating their use of the Internet for mental health information and support can help understanding if online tools and websites should be used for mental health promotion and, to some extent, care. A survey was conducted with more than 600 students of Law, Nursing and Computer Science of the University of Cadiz in Spain to determine their general use of the Internet and their perceptions and trust in using this medium for mental health information. Data were collected using a 25-item-questionnaire and findings indicated that students had a strong distrust in online mental health information, notwithstanding their daily use of the Internet. The frequency and methods of their research on the Internet correlated with their health status, their medical consultations and with certain socio-demographic characteristics.
    Mots-clés : Internet, mental health, online information, Spain, university students.

  • Rondet Claire, Lapostolle Annabelle, Soler Marion, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2014) « Are immigrants and nationals born to immigrants at higher risk for delayed or no lifetime breast and cervical cancer screening? The results from a population-based survey in Paris metropolitan area in 2010 », Plos One, 9 (1), p. e87046.
    Résumé : ### Objectives This study aims to compare breast cancer screening (BCS) and cervical cancer screening (CCS) practices of French women born to French parents with those of immigrants and nationals born to immigrants, taking their socioeconomic status into account. ### Methods The study is based on data collected in 2010 in the Paris metropolitan area among a representative sample of 3000 French-speaking adults. For women with no history of breast or cervical cancer, multivariate logistic regressions and structural equation models were used to investigate the factors associated with never having undergone BCS or CCS. ### Results We confirmed the existence of a strong gradient, with respect to migration origin, for delaying or never having undergone BCS or CCS. Thus, being a foreign immigrant or being French of immigrant parentage were risk factors for delayed and no lifetime screening. Interestingly, we found that this gradient persisted (at least partially) after adjusting for the women's socioeconomic characteristics. Only the level of income seemed to play a mediating role, but only partially. We observed differences between BCS and CCS which suggest that organized CCS could be effective in reducing socioeconomic and/or ethnic inequities. ### Conclusion Socioeconomic status partially explained the screening nonparticipation on the part of French women of immigrant origin and foreign immigrants. This was more so the case with CCS than with BCS, which suggests that organized prevention programs might reduce social inequalities. ER - End of Reference
Rapport

2013

Article de revue

  • Chauvin Pierre, Parizot Isabelle et Vallée Julie (2013) « Les inégalités sociales et territoriales de santé dans l’agglomération parisienne : une analyse de la cohorte SIRS », Actualité et dossier en santé publique, 82, p. 29-32.
  • Lhuissier Anne, Parizot Isabelle, Tichit Christine, Caillavet France, Cardon Philippe, Masullo Anna, Martin Judith et Chauvin Pierre (2013) « Who Still Eats Three Meals a Day ? Findings from a Quantitative Survey in the Paris Area », Appetite, 63, p. 59-69.
  • Martin-Fernandez Judith, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle, Caillavet France et Chauvin Pierre (2013) « Prevalence and socioeconomic and geographical inequalities of household food insecurity in the Paris region, France, 2010 », BMC Public Health, 13 (1), p. 486-486.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) is the situation where people do not have, at all times, access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs for an active and healthy life. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of FI in the Paris area by using, for the first time in France, a specific FI questionnaire and to identify the characteristics of food-insecure households, taking into account a potential neighbourhood effect. METHODS: This study is based on data from the third wave of the SIRS cohort study (a representative, population-based socioepidemiological study) that were analysed using a cross-sectional design. In 2010, 3000 individuals in the Paris metropolitan area (PMA) were interviewed. FI was investigated by means of the USDA's HFSSM. We used stratified multilevel models across three household income categories to identify populations at risk for FI. RESULTS: In 2010, 6.30% (95% CI = [4.99-7.97]) of the households in the PMA experienced FI (up to 13.59% in the most underprivileged neighbourhoods). About 2.50% of the households experienced severe FI and 2.85% of household living with an income above 1666 [euro sign] experienced food insecurity, whereas the percentage raises to 23.38% among those living below the poverty threshold (<791 [euro sign]). Depending on the income level, different household characteristics emerged as being associated with FI. In the poorest households, the presence of a child under 3 years of age was associated with an increased risk of FI (OR = 2.11; p = 0.03). Among higher-income households, the household composition appeared to be strongly associated with FI. CONCLUSION: FI exists in several social groups in France. Its prevalence in the most underprivileged households should be considered an indicator of vulnerability, which could permit targeted social assistance policies. ER - End of Reference
  • Rondet Claire, Soler Marion, Ringa Virginie, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2013) « The role of a lack of social integration in never having undergone breast cancer screening : Restuts from a population-based, representative survey in the Paris metropolitan area in 2010 », Preventive Medicine, 57 (4), p. 386-391.
    Résumé : This study aims to investigate the association between social contact and social support and women's breast cancer screening (BCS) practices, taking their socioeconomic status into account. The SIRS survey was conducted in 2010 in the Paris metropolitan area among a representative sample of 3000 French-speaking adults. For the 784 women aged 50 years or older with no history of breast cancer, multivariate logistic regressions and bootstrap methods were used to analyze the factors associated with never having undergone BCS. 6.5% of these women had never undergone BCS. In multivariate analysis, being older, having a low education level, having poor-quality health insurance, and having one or less than one social contact per 3-day period were significantly associated with never having undergone BCS during their lifetime, but the level of social support was not. The strength of the association with a low frequency of social contact tended to increase with age. This study analyzed the role of social contact in social inequalities in BCS practices in the Paris metropolitan area. Like socioeconomic status, social integration and social isolation should be taken into consideration by public health professionals and practitioners when planning breast cancer screening programs and incentives.  _place_holder; ER - End of Reference
Rapport

2012

Chapitre de livre
Article de revue
Rapport

2011

Article de revue
  • Martin-Fernandez Judith, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « Food insecurity in the Paris metropolitan area in 2010 », American Journal of Epidemiology, 173.
  • Massari Véronique, Lapostolle Annabelle, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Dray-Spira Rosemary et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « Gender, socioeconomic status, migration origin and neighbourhood of residence are barriers to HIV testing in the Paris metropolitan area », AIDS Care, 23 (12), p. 1609-1618.

  • Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « Les probèmes de santé sont très importants en ZUS (interview) », Lettre de la DIV, 101, p. 6-6.
  • Renahy Emilie, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: Results of a Web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 », Informatics for Health & Social Care, 35, p. 25-39.
    Résumé : In the general population, social disparities in Internet practices have been less described than disparities in health information access. Aim is to determine whether there are differences in the frequency of Internet use for health information among health seekers. We conducted an Internet-based survey from November 2006 to March 2007. We considered the 3720 residents of France who had searched for health information during the previous 12 months. This study reveals different uses of the Internet for health information seeking (HIS) between men and women and between the general population and people who work in the health sector. Health status, taking care of somebody who is sick, and active Internet use were associated with higher frequencies of online HIS to varying degrees. The effects of age and level of education were not clear or were not significant. Greater health concerns and some issues in the physician-patient relationship were associated with higher frequencies of Internet use for HIS in the general population. Considering that this increasing use of online tools for HIS is consistent with current public health policies that promote the development of the 'informed patient', one should remain cautious about these social disparities in online HIS practices. ER - End of Reference

  • Roustit Christelle, Campoy Eric, Renahy Emilie, King Gary, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « Family social environment in childhood and self-rated health in young adulthood », BMC Public Health, 11, p. 949.
    Résumé : #### Background Family social support, as part of social capital, contributes to the social health disparities at different age of life. In a life-course epidemiological perspective, the aim of our study was to examine the association between self- reported family social environment during childhood and self-reported health in young adulthood, and to assess the role of family functioning during childhood as a potential mediating factor in explaining the association between family breakup in childhood and self-reported health in young adulthood. #### Methods We analyzed data from the first wave of the Health, Inequalities and Social Ruptures Survey (SIRS), a longitudinal health and socio-epidemiological survey of a random sample of 3000 households initiated in the Paris metropolitan area in 2005. Sample-weighted logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association between the quality of family social environment in childhood and self-rated health (overall health, physical health and psychological well-being) in young adults (n = 1006). We used structural equation model to explore the mediating role of the quality of family functioning in childhood in the association between family breakup in childhood and self-rated health in young adulthood taking into account socio- economic status in adulthood. #### Results The results support an association between a negative family social environment in childhood, self-reported by the subjects, and poor self- perceived health in adulthood. The association found between parental separation or divorce in childhood and poor self-perceived health in adulthood was mediated by parent-child relationships and by having witnessed interparental violence during childhood. #### Conclusion These results argue for interventions that enhance family cohesion, particularly after family disruptions during childhood, in order to promote health in young adulthood. ER - End of Reference

  • Vallée Julie, Cadot Emmanuelle, Roustit Christelle, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2011) « The role of daily mobility in mental health inequalities: the interactive influence of activity space and neighbourhood of residence on depression », Social Science & Medicine, 73 (8), p. 1133-1144.
    Résumé : The literature reports an association between neighbourhood deprivation and individual depression after adjustment for individual factors. The present paper investigates whether vulnerability to neighbourhood features is influenced by individual “activity space” (i.e., the space within which people move about or travel in the course of their daily activities). It can be assumed that a deprived residential environment can exert a stronger influence on the mental health of people whose activity space is limited to their neighbourhood of residence, since their exposure to their neighbourhood would be greater. Moreover, we studied the relationship between activity space size and depression. A limited activity space could indeed reflect spatial and social confinement and thus be associated with a higher risk of being depressed, or, conversely, it could be linked to a deep attachment to the neighbourhood of residence and thus be associated with a lower risk of being depressed. Multilevel logistic regression analyses of a representative sample consisting of 3011 inhabitants surveyed in 2005 in the Paris, France metropolitan area and nested within 50 census blocks showed, after adjusting for individual- level variables, that people living in deprived neighbourhoods were significantly more depressed that those living in more advantaged neighbourhoods. We also observed a statistically significant cross-level interaction between activity space and neighbourhood deprivation, as they relate to depression. Living in a deprived neighbourhood had a stronger and statistically significant effect on depression in people whose activity space was limited to their neighbourhood than in those whose daily travels extended beyond it. In addition, a limited activity space appeared to be a protective factor with regard to depression for people living in advantaged neighbourhoods and a risk factor for those living in deprived neighbourhoods. It could therefore be useful to take activity space into consideration more often when studying the social and spatial determinants of depression. ER - End of Reference
Rapport

2010

Chapitre de livre
  • Chauvin Pierre et Parizot Isabelle (2010) « Précarité », in Santé publique : l'état des savoirs, La Découverte, Paris, p. 279-290.


  • Firdion Jean-Marie et Parizot Isabelle (2010) « Le placement durant l’enfance et le risque d’exposition aux violences à l’âge adulte. », in Violences et santé, La Documentation Française, Paris : F. Beck, C. Cavalin, F. Maillochon (dir), p. 125-138. (Etudes et Statistiques).
    Résumé : Ce chapitre étudie, à partir de l’enquête EVS, les liens entre les situations d’adversité vécues durant l’enfance, en particulier le placement en foyer collectif ou en famille d’accueil, et le risque d’avoir subi une agression au cours des deux années précédant l’enquête, tout en tenant compte des éléments du contexte présent. Avoir vécu des situations de précarité et de violence augmente significativement le risque d’avoir été placé. Dans le cas des hommes, le placement (en particulier en foyer collectif) constitue en lui-même un facteur de risque d’être exposé à des violences à l’âge adulte. Certaines caractéristiques socio-économiques à l’âge adulte comme l’insatisfaction au travail pour les hommes ou le fait d’occuper un emploi pour les femmes augmentent également le risque d’agressions physiques ou verbales récentes. Les femmes qui consomment des antidépresseurs déclarent également plus souvent avoir subi des violences. Ces résultats établissent donc un lien entre les violences subies récemment et le passé difficile des personnes, en pointant le risque que constituent les difficultés économiques dans la famille d’origine et le placement, ainsi que, à l’âge adulte, un milieu professionnel peu épanouissant. Contrairement à ce que l’on observe pour les personnes sans domicile ayant été placées durant leur enfance, les problèmes de santé de la mère n’ont pas d’effets significatifs sur le risque d’avoir été placé parmi les personnes « logées ». En revanche, pour les deux populations, les situations d’adversité durant l’enfance ont un effet semblable sur le risque d’avoir été placé et d’avoir subi des agressions récentes.
  • Parizot Isabelle (2010) « L’enquête par questionnaire », in L’enquête sociologique, PUF, Paris, p. 101-121.
Article de revue

2009

Chapitre de livre
Article de revue
Rapport

2008

Chapitre de livre
Article de revue

2007

Livre
  • Chauvin Pierre et Parizot Isabelle, ss la dir. de (2007) Vulnérabilités sociales, santé et recours aux soins dans les quartiers défavorisés franciliens, Les éditions de la DIV, Paris, 126 p. (Etudes et recherches).
    Résumé : Cet ouvrage présente les principaux résultats d'enquêtes conduites auprès des habitants de sept zones urbaines sensibles (ZUS) franciliennes en 2001 et 2003, sous la direction de Pierre Chauvin (épidémiologiste) et Isabelle Parizot (sociologue). ER - End of Reference
Chapitre de livre
Document
Rapport

2006

Article de revue
  • Bazin Fabienne, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2006) « Déterminants psychosociaux du renconcement aux soins pour raisons financières dans cinq zones urbaines sensibles de la région parisienne », Sciences sociales et santé, 24 (3), p. 11-32.
    Résumé : L’accès aux soins est garanti pour tous en France grâce à son système de sécurité sociale. Cependant, les enquêtes nationales sur la santé et la protection sociale de l’IRDES estiment qu’environ une personne interrogée sur cinq déclare avoir déjà renoncé à des soins pour raisons financières. Notre objectif était de montrer que, au-delà des facteurs socio-économiques classiquement étudiés, d’autres facteurs, de l’ordre des conditions de vie, des ruptures et intégrations sociales, des représentations de santé et des caractéristiques psychologiques, sont associés à un tel renoncement. L’enquête, réalisée en 2001, porte sur un échantillon aléatoire de 525 personnes vivant dans cinq zones urbaines sensibles d’Île-de-France. Les associations entre le renoncement aux soins pour raisons financières et des facteurs psychosociaux ont été étudiées par une régression logistique ajustée sur l’âge, le sexe, la taille du ménage, la présence de maladies chroniques, la couverture maladie, le niveau de revenu et la situation à l’égard de l’emploi. L’adéquation du modèle a été réalisée à partir des résidus de Pearson et des résidus de la déviance. La stabilité du modèle a été estimée par une méthode de bootstrap. La déclaration d’un renoncement aux soins pour raisons financières est plus fréquente chez les personnes ayant vécu des événements difficiles dans la jeunesse, des difficultés financières à l’âge adulte, des expériences d’abus sexuels, physiques ou psychologiques, les personnes ayant une faible acceptation de la maladie et celles qui portent une forte priorité à leur santé. Enfin, plus le niveau d’estime de soi est bas plus les personnes déclarent un tel renoncement. ER - End of Reference

  • Chaix Basile, Navaie-Waliser Maryam, Viboud Cécile, Parizot Isabelle et Chauvin Pierre (2006) « Lower utilisation of primary, specialty and preventive care services by individuals residing with persons in poor health », European Journal of Public Health, 16 (2), p. 209-216.
    Résumé : **Background:** Since household time and financial resources for health care are primarily spent for those household members with the most urgent health needs, individuals residing with persons in poor health may be at risk of underusing health-care services. We examined whether these individuals had a lower use of primary, specialty and preventive care than those who did not reside with persons in poor health. **Methods:** Data collected in 2000 from a representative sample of 8210 French individuals aged 18 years and older from 3810 households were analysed with logistic regression models adjusted for health, demographic and socioeconomic variables. **Results:** We found that individuals residing with one other survey respondent had a higher risk of not using primary care, specialty care and preventive care in the 12 months preceding the study when the health status of the other survey respondent was poorer (fair or alternatively poor versus good). Furthermore, individuals residing with two other survey respondents had a higher risk of not using primary care, specialty care and preventive care in the 12 months preceding the study when they resided with a higher number of respondents in fair or poor health (one or alternatively two versus zero). **Conclusion:** The lower use of health services by individuals residing with persons in poor health may signal a need for health practitioners to broaden the scope of care beyond their patients, and for policy makers to consider the long-term impact of this situation on the health-care system. ER - End of Reference

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Martin-Fernandez Judith, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2011, « Food insecurity in the Paris metropolitan area in 2010. », 3rd North American Congress of Epidemiology, Montréal, 21-24 Juin 2011.

Roustit Christelle, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2011, « Stressful life-events in childhood and depression in adulthood : the role of social integration according to individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic status », IEA World Congress of Epidemiology, Edinburgh, 7-11 August 2011.

Barbot Janine, Parizot Isabelle, Winance Myriam, 2010, « La plainte en matière médicale. Une étude au sein du dispositif de règlement amiable des accidents médicaux crée, en France, par la Loi du 4 mars 2002 », 2ème Conférence bilingue de la Société Canadienne pour la Sociologie de la Santé, Ottawa, 28-30 octobre 2010.

Chauvin Pierre, Parizot Isabelle, Simonnot Nathalie, 2010, « Barriers in accessing healthcare for the undocumented migrants in Europe : the widespread denial of a human right », 9th International Conference on Urban Health, New-York Academy of Medicine, 27-29 octobre 2010.

Roustit Christelle, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2010, « Social conditions during childhood and depression in adulthood : results from a structural equation model applied to retrospective data from a representative survey in Paris metropolitan area, France, 2005 », Meeting of the section on Epidemiology and Public Health of World Psychiatric Association, Lisbone, 11-14 juillet 2010.

Vallée Julie, Cadot Emmanuelle, Grillo Francesca, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2010, « Activity space, neighbourhood of residence and participation in preventive health-care activities in the Paris metropolitan area. The case of cervical screening among women in the SIRS cohort », International Colloquium on Health & Space, Marseille, 08-10 septembre 2010.

Vallée Julie, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2010, « Depression and daily mobility in Paris metropolitan area », 15th Emerging New Researchers in the Geography of Health and Impairment Conference, Geography Institute of Paris, 10-11 juin 2010.

Vallée Julie, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2010, « Quartier de résidence et santé mentale : une association d’intensité variable selon la mobilité quotidienne des individus ? », 12ème Congrès National des Observatoires Régionaux de la Santé « Territoires et Santé des Populations », Lyon, 9-10 novembre 2010.

Massari Véronique, Lapostolle Anabelle, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2009, « Gender, socio economic status and migration are barriers to HIV testing in Paris area », 9th International conference AIDS Impact, Gaborone, 22-25t Septembre 2009 .

Grillo Francesca, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2008, « Absence de suivi gynécologique régulier en région parisienne : un cumul d’inégalités individuelles et territoriales ? », Congrès national des observatoires régionaux de la santé, « Les inégalités de santé », Marseille, 16-17 octobre 2008.

Massari Véronique, Renahy Emilie, Cadot Emmanuelle, Parizot Isabelle, Guernec Grégory, Chauvin Pierre, 2008, « Genre, statut socioéconomique, immigration et absence de recours au dépistage VIH dans l’agglomération parisienne : une analyse des données de la cohorte SIRS en 2005 », Congrès national des observatoires régionaux de la santé, « Les inégalités de santé », Marseille, 16-17 octobre 2008.

Parizot Isabelle, 2008, « L’apport des approches qualitatives pour la mesure et la compréhension des inégalités sociales de santé », Journées annuelles de santé publique, Québec, 17-18 novembre 2008.

Parizot Isabelle, 2008, « Santé, recours aux soins et précarité sociale », Rencontres du Club Insertion « L’insertion par la santé : quels modes de prise en charge », Le Kremlin-Bicetre, 31 janvier 2008.

Parizot Isabelle, Morgny Cynthia, 2008, « Construction et gestion, par les patients, des événements indésirables dans le système de soins », XVIIIème Congrès de l’AISLF, Istanbul, 7-11 juillet 2008.

Parizot Isabelle, Wachsberger Jean-Michel, 2008, « Aider ses proches et être aidé par eux. Une comparaison des structures du soutien social à Antananarivo (Madagascar) et à Paris (France) », XVIIIème Congrès de l’AISLF, Istanbul, 7-11 juillet 2008.

Parizot Isabelle, 2007, « La Cohorte “Santé, Inégalités et Ruptures Sociales en Ile-de-France” », Chaire Quetelet 2007, "Dynamiques de pauvretés et vulnérabilités. Mesures et processus explicatifs en démographie et en sciences sociales", Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-30 novembre 2007.

Parizot Isabelle, 2007, « La construction des événements indésirables dans le système de soins », Séminaire interne de l’UMRS-707 (INSERM, UPMC), Modica, 7-11 septembre 2007.

Parizot Isabelle, 2007, « Recours aux soins, inégalités et ruptures sociales en Ile-de-France », Séminaire du programme "Sciences Biomédicales, Santé et Société", Vaux de Cernay, 26-27 novembre 2007.

Parizot Isabelle, Morgny Cynthia, 2007, « Misadventures in health care : the victim’s modes of managing », 8th Conference of the European Sociological Association, Glasgow, 3-6 septembre 2007.

Chauvin Pierre, Parizot Isabelle, Drouot Nadège, Simmonot Nathalie, 2006, « European survey on out-of-status persons’ access to healthcare (2005-2006). Data from the European Observatory of Médecins du Monde », 5th annual International Conference on Urban Health, Amsterdam, 25-28 octobre 2006.

Chauvin Pierre, Terroni Sylvain, Bazin Fabienne, Parizot Isabelle, 2006, « « En avoir ou pas » : facteurs sociaux associés au fait d’avoir, ou non, un médecin régulier dans deux quartiers défavorisés de Paris », Colloque ADELF "épidémiologie sociale et inégalités de santé", Toulouse, 18-19 mai 2006.

Parizot Isabelle, 2006, « Humaniste ou professionnelle : ce que l’aide fait aux aidés », Journée d’étude « Entre solidarités interindividuelles et action sur autrui : (entr)aide, soutien social, accompagnement », Université de Lille3, Maison de la Recherche, 18 septembre 2006.

Parizot Isabelle, 2006, « La prise en charge médicale des personnes vulnérables. Réflexions à partir de l’exemple français », Colloque International de l’Association Italienne de Sociologie « Salute e diseguaglianze sociali », Pescara, 23-25 novembre 2006.

Parizot Isabelle, 2006, « Ségrégation spatiale et santé. La santé et le recours aux soins dans les quartiers défavorisés », Séminaire « Santé, vulnérabilité et ruptures sociales », La Rochelle, 6-7 décembre 2006.

Parizot Isabelle, 2006, « Soigner les personnes vulnérables : entre univers médical et univers humaniste », Séminaire « Repenser la solidarité au XXIe siècle », Paris, Centre Maurice Halbwachs , 9 mai 2006.

Bazin Fabienne, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2004, « Déterminants psychosociaux du renoncement aux soins pour raisons financières chez les bénéficiaires du Revenu Minimum d’insertion, France, 2003 », Congrès des épidémiologistes de langue française (ADELF), Bordeaux, 15-17 septembre 2004.

Bazin Fabienne, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2004, « Déterminants psychosociaux du renoncement aux soins pour raisons financières dans 5 zones urbaines sensibles de la région parisienne, 2001 », XXVIIèmes Journées des Economistes de la Santé, Paris, Ecole des Mines, 17-18 juin 2004.

Parizot Isabelle, Wachsberger Jean-Michel, 2004, « Aider et être aidé. Système et structure du soutien social à Antananarivo (Madagascar) et Paris (France) », - IAOS-IASS Joint Conference. Poverty, Social Exclusion and Development : a statistical Perspective, Amman (Jordanie), du 29 novembre au 01 décembre 2004.

Bazin Fabienne, Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2003, « Social factors associated with the renouncement of healthcare for insufficient financial means in underprivileged urban areas in the Paris region, France, 2001 », Congress of the European Epidemiology Federation (IEA), Toledo, 1-4 octobre 2003.

Parizot Isabelle, Chauvin Pierre, 2003, « Attending public hospitals or NGOs free clinics : which influence on the patients social identities ? », 9th Annual Qualitative Health Research Conference, Guadalajara, 26 février - 1er mars 2003.

Parizot Isabelle, Bazin Fabienne, Chauvin Pierre, 2002, « Statistical validation of a sociological typology for the user/clinic relationship in free healthcare centres, Paris Region, France », XIV IEA World Congress of Epidemiology, Montréal, 18-22 aout 2002. (mail)

De Montaigne Anne-Bénédicte, Parizot Isabelle, Lebas Jacques, Chauvin Pierre, 2001, « Correlations between the social handling of HIV infection and the perception of HAART constraints, and their effects on compliance : a multi-center study among a population of French and immigrant hospital outpatients in Paris, France, 2001. », Congress of Epidemiology, Toronto, 13-16 juin 2001.

Parizot Isabelle, Hanet-Kania Nathalie, 2001, « Associations et pouvoirs publics : pour une analyse des interdépendance », Colloque « Actions associatives ; solidarités et territoires », organisé par le PUCA et la MIRE, Université de Saint-Etienne, 18-19 octobre 2001. (mail)

Chauvin Pierre, Parizot Isabelle, Lebas Jacques, 1997, « Etat de santé et accès aux soins des populations précaire en France et en Europe », European conference on Health, poverty and exclusion, Amsterdam, 28-31 mai 1997.